Since the beginning of May 2022, cases of Mpox virus have been reported from countries where disease is not endemic. It is a zoonotic viral infection that can spread to humans from animals.
The most recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO) states that the America’s account for 79.8% and Africa for 11% of all reported cases of Mpox. Overall, there was a 12.7% decrease in the number of new cases reported for week 1 (January 2–8, 2023) in comparison to the week before.
Symptoms of Mpox Virus
During the 2022 outbreak, fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, low energy and swollen lymph nodes were the most common symptoms of Monkeypox. A rash that could last two to three weeks was also common or came along with it.
The rash can appear on the face, hands, feet, groin, genital, or anal regions. It can also be found on the eyes or in the mouth, throat, anus, or vagina. Skin sores begin flat and then fill with liquid before crusting over, drying out, and falling off, leaving behind a new layer of skin.
Treatment of Mpox Virus
Without treatment, the majority of people with Mpox recover on their own. Your healthcare provider will keep an eye on your condition after the diagnosis, try to alleviate your symptoms, keep you hydrated, and give you antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections if they arise.
There is no approved antiviral treatment for Mpox at this time. Although they may be beneficial, antiviral medications have not been studied as a treatment for Mpox virus. There are several investigational antivirals that are effective against Mpox, but they are only available as part of a research study.
The best way to stop the Mpox virus from spreading is to:
- Avoid interacting with infected animals, particularly those that are sick or dead.
- Bedding and other materials that are contaminated with the virus should not be touched.
- Cook all foods that contain animal parts or meat thoroughly.
- Use soap and water to wash your hands often.
- Avoid interacting with people who might have the virus.
- When you are around other people, wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth.
- Disinfect and clean surfaces that are frequently touched.
- When caring for those who have contracted the virus, wear personal protective equipment (PPE).
We have concluded from this article that there are several symptoms of Mpox virus and there is no approved vaccine of it. However, we can protect ourselves by following the preventions given above.
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